The Tanzanian Advocacy Partnership Program (TAPP)
implemented by Pact-Tanzania from November 2001 to September 2005 was
designed to strengthen the capacity of civil society organizations (CSOs) to
articulate and represent public interests to the government of Tanzania on
selected health, environment, and private-sector policy issues, while
fostering an enabling environment for CSO-government partnerships. This
video highlights the work of 4 TAPP partners: Jipeni Moyo Women and
Community Organization (JIMOWACO), HakiKazi Catalyst, Youth Cultural and
Information Centre (YCIC) and SHAVITA.
Note: Hakikazi Catalyst appears at the end of part 1 and the beginning of
A classic 1990 paper by George D.
Gopen, and Judith A. Swan
If the reader is to grasp what the writer means, the
writer must understand what the reader needs
Science is often hard to read. Most people assume that its
difficulties are born out of necessity, out of the extreme complexity of
scientific concepts, data and analysis. We argue here that complexity of
thought need not lead to impenetrability of expression; we demonstrate a
number of rhetorical principles that can produce clarity in communication
without oversimplifying scientific issues. The results are substantive, not
merely cosmetic: Improving the quality of writing actually improves the
quality of thought.
Afrodad is a civil
society organisation born of a desire to secure lasting solutions to
Africa's mounting debt problem which has impacted negatively on the
continent's development process. Publications page - several papers on
This website contains a large number of short, well digested and easily
searchable articles covering all aspects of value based management.
Organizations serve a purpose. They exist to deliver certain value(s).
Organizations also use a tremendous amount of time, effort, investments,
assets and resources. So it makes perfect sense to ensure, manage, measure,
monitor, encourage and support that maximum value is realized. This is what
Value Based Management is all about.
The value chain describes the full range of activities that firms and
workers do to bring a product from its conception to its end use and beyond.
This includes activities such as design, production, marketing, distribution
and support to the final consumer. The activities that comprise a value
chain can be contained within a single firm or divided among different
firms. Value chain activities can produce goods or services, and can be
contained within a single geographical location or spread over wider areas.
The competitiveness of firms not only depends on the functioning of
suppliers and buyers within a cluster, but also and often most importantly,
on the entire chain at the national and global level. The value chain
approach helps to identify all the enterprises that contribute to the
production of a good or service within and beyond a cluster and shows which
actions are needed to support these enterprises.
Follow the Money - a resource book for trainers on
public expenditure tracking in Tanzania
Public Expenditure Tracking (PET) involves 'following the money' from where
it is given out by central government authorities, passes through local
government and moves on to end users such as people in schools and clinics
This 83 page manual provides a tool kit of different ways in which PET can
be carried out. It assumes that (a) you have a basic knowledge of budgets
and how they work, and that (b) you are interested in promoting greater
transparency and accountability in how government budgets work. As of late
June 2007 over 600 people have been trained using the manual
Internet Center for Management and Business
ICMBA's mission is to provide quality business knowledge resources to a
geographically dispersed audience via the Internet. Via this web site, ICMBA
publishes articles covering a range of topics in the various subjects of
business administration. Over time, the articles will cover both basic and
advanced topics, and include frameworks and theories that are useful for
solving the more challenging problems of business administration.
Pact is committed to sharing with the development community the best of our
field-produced training materials, handbooks, tools and guides. Often, when
we start up a new project, we wish someone would put in our hands the best
practical, field-tested materials. Instead we often find ourselves
recreating the wheel. We hope the resources we present here will shorten
your search while enabling you to build on the experience we have had.
Providing human rights professionals with easy access to the best online
This site is primarily aimed at human rights activists - persons monitoring
the respect of human rights and advocating for positive change. Persons who
are passionate about quality human rights work, have a thirst to continually
deepen their knowledge, and are looking for a collection of top reference
After several years of searching the internet, we gradually discovered and
assembled a collection of human rights tools and resources of amazing
quality - and all of them were offered by their developers to other human
rights workers. Taken together, these tools constitute a formidable
resource, and a wonderful example of sharing and collaboration.
This article is about power structures in society and how they interact.
Specifically it is a guide to seeing who has power when important decisions
are being made. It is quite old, but never-the-less of great value to anyone
interested in issues of citizen participation. The concepts discussed in
this article about 1960's America apply to any hierarchical society but are
still mostly unknown, unacknowledged or ignored by many people around the
world. Most distressing is that even people who have the job of representing
citizens views seem largely unaware, or even dismissive of these principles.
Many planners, architects, politicians, bosses, project leaders and
power-holder still dress all variety of manipulations up as 'participation
in the process', 'citizen consultation' and other shades of technobabble
Governance Resource Centre (GRC)
of the UK Department for International Development (DFID)
The GRC Exchange is a new website sharing the latest information about
governance in development.
The GRC and GRC Exchange are managed by a partnership between the
International Development Department (IDD) of the School of Public Policy at
the University of Birmingham, and the Institute of Development Studies (IDS)
at the University of Sussex. A Content Advisory Group drawn from experts at
DFID, IDD and IDS underpins the quality of information produced, ensuring
that content reflects the latest academic and practitioner thinking.
NABUUR.COM’s mission is to give communities in developing countries access
to their global Neighbours via the Internet. And through these Neighbours to
the huge reservoir of resources (knowledge, solutions, energy and money)
that is available elsewhere.
NABUUR.COM brings communities in developing countries into direct contact
with committed individuals worldwide who want to assist them. These virtual
Neighbours can help by finding the resources needed by the community.
There are already two communities in Tanzania getting help
Powered by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the
rural poverty portal is a web site where rural poor people, policy-makers,
donors, research institutes, non-governmental organizations and other
development partners can share information about eradicating rural poverty.
On the Rural poverty portal you can:
Browse information by topic, region or country
Read about what works in rural development projects and
Listen to farmers, development practitioners and
decision-makers as they explain the challenges of rural poverty
Join an electronic community committed to making rural
Why a portal?
The goals of the portal are to position rural poverty as a global, regional
and national priority, and to streamline the search for information on rural
poverty by providing access to millions of links from a single entry point.
More than 100 essential life, career training and management training
skills, freely available and outlined in easy to understand language. These
skills are supported by simple examples and exercises that expand and
reinforce your understanding.
Topics include: Time Management, Leadership Skills, Stress Management,
Information Skills, Practical Creativity, Problem Solving, Decision Making,
Project Planning & Management, Communication Skills; Memory Improvement.
The Community Planning Website
helping people shape their cities, towns and villages in any part of the
This website provides an overview of methods of community planning. It is
aimed at everyone concerned with the built environment. Jargon is avoided
and material is presented in a universally applicable, how-to-do-it style.
Whether you are a resident wanting to improve the place where you live, a
policy maker interested in improving general practice, or a development
professional working on a specific project, you should quickly be able to
find what you need.
This toolkit provides guidelines on how to go about developing and
monitoring a budget. It will help you with an overall organisational budget
as well as with a budget for a specific project. The toolkit includes tools
for estimating costs as well as tips for ensuring that your budgets meet the
needs of your project or organisation.
Successful Communication: A Toolkit for
Researchers and Civil Society Organisations
Overseas Development Institute
This handbook is geared towards the needs of researchers and practitioners
in civil society organisations, including development NGOs, research
institutes, think tanks and universities. It addresses the questions of how
researchers and civil society practitioners can best communicate evidence to
inform or influence policy, achieve their stated objectives, or simply to
make their knowledge accessible and understandable to a wider audience.
There are two types of management books: (a) the ones that
look impressive in the bookstore but are actually so theoretical and boring
that they end up picking up dust on our bookshelves; (b) the ones that we
find to be so practical and useful that we reach for them frequently in our
As far as we are concerned, all the books in our list
belong to the second category. We hope you will also find them inspiring!
purpose of this site is to make resources available, free, to NGOs working
in the development or humanitarian fields. We make or find manuals that can
help NGOs build skills, and suggest other websites with good resources. We
particularly welcome those working alone or in a national NGO in Africa,
Asia, South America and the ex-USSR.
Eldis Participatory Monitoring and
- Methods, Tools and Manuals
A range of guidelines and
manuals exist for aiding development practitioners in carrying out
Participatory Monitoring and Evaluation. Some guidelines are widely
applicable whilst others are relevant to specific sectors, to use by
different actors, or to various aspects of either monitoring or evaluation.
There are a number of broadly relevant manuals, mainly developed by the
large donor agencies for use by their staff and partners.
Power Tools initiative set out to develop, test and circulate existing and
new tools to bridge some of the key gaps in policy processes and content.
These policy tools – tips, tactics and approaches – are designed to provide
some practical help to people working to improve the policies and
institutions that govern access to and use of natural resources.
CARE (2001) Advocacy tools and guidelines:
promoting policy change
This manual is CARE international's training guide
designed to familiarize program managers with key advocacy concepts and
techniques. The paper looks at the ways to contextualise policies, or the
lack of them, in order to develop the most appropriate strategies to
influence policy decision-makers. It recognises the frequent need to
incorporate advocacy into projects in order to tackle the root causes of
problems faced by communities.
This paper seeks to sharpen
understanding on how poor and marginalised groups can address the forces
that restrain their self-development through the creation of their own
democratic economic organisations. Critical factors blocking pro-poor
development are examined such as elite power, modes of living and other
dependent-dominant relationships which inhibit the poor from pursuing
organised actions to change their life situation. In seeking ways of
overcoming these factors the paper analyses the need to provide some form of
catalytic support to stimulate the poor to create informal and formal
organisations under their ownership and control.
An examination of ‘official’ development policy that both
explicitly and implicitly seeks to promote investor-controlled enterprise as
the dominant business ownership model suggests that this approach is
unlikely to bring lasting changes which will directly benefit the poor. “Because
well functioning markets are designed to bypass such people.” (Sachs,
2005) Market interventions by pro-poor development partners needs to become
more balanced. In particular they need to promote and support on an equal
basis appropriate forms of member-controlled enterprise. It is through this
self-organising approach that the poor obtain significant power to control
their asset-base, promote economic democracy and retain economic surpluses.
The paper details a range of different forms –
association, trust, partnership, company and cooperative - which
can be used to achieve these objectives. Two charts provide details of key
features such as legal incorporation, governing instruments, ownership,
regulation, asset and financial controls, meetings, management structures
and winding-up. Guidance is provided as to which legal forms, if any, would
be most appropriate to ensure self-organised enterprises remain controlled
by the poor and therefore best serve their interests.
ILO (2005) Decent Work and Poverty
Reduction Strategies - A reference manual for ILO staff and constituents
This Manual draws on the practical experience gained
through support to PRSPs in 15 countries from 2000 to
Section one provides an historical and conceptual
overview of PRSs. It also explains the linkages between PRSs and the
Millennium Development Goals.
Section two explains the structure and processes of
formulating PRSs and indicates the key linkages and areas of influence for
the Decent Work Agenda.
Section three highlights the importance of national
budgets and finance, and their implications for ILO and constituents.
This national context is also highlighted in Section
four which describes implementation and review processes.
Section five highlights the growing need for
evidence-based policy formulation in PRSs based on poverty monitoring
systems. The role of qualitative and quantitative data, and the need to
strengthen research and analysis to inform policy are highlighted.
Section six provides a flavour of initial experience
and issues emerging in the revision phase of PRSs.