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 Poverty Monitoring Indicators

The following lists show what things (indicators) are being measured (monitored) so that we can tell if the various forms of poverty are in fact being reduced.

Income poverty

  • Headcount ratio basic needs poverty line

  • Headcount ratio basic needs poverty line (rural)

  • Headcount ratio food poverty line

  • Asset ownership (as proxy for income poverty)

  • Proportion of working age population not currently employed

  • Overall GDP growth per annum

  • GDP growth of agriculture per annum

  • Percentage of rural roads in maintainable condition (good and fair condition)

Human capabilities

  • Girl/boy ratio in primary education

  • Girl/boy ratio in secondary education

  • Transition rate from primary to secondary

  • Literacy rate of population aged 15+

  • Net primary enrollment

  • Gross primary enrollment

  • Drop-out rate in primary school

  • Percent of students passing Std 7 with grade A,B,C

  • Prevalence of ARI in under-fives

  • Prevalence of diarrhea in under-fives

  • Population with access to safe water


  • Infant mortality rate

  • Under-five mortality rate

  • Life expectancy

  • Seropositive rate in pregnant women

  • Districts covered by active HIV/AIDS awareness campaign

  • Maternal mortality rate

  • Malaria in-patient case fatalities for children under 5

  • Children under 2 years immunized against both measles and DPT

  • Births attended by a skilled health worker

Social wellbeing (governance)

  • Ratio of primary court filed cases decided

  • Average time taken to settle commercial disputes


  • Stunting (height for age) of under fives

  • Wasting (weight for height) of under fives

  • Underweight (weight for age) of under fives

Extreme vulnerability

  • Proportion of orphaned children

  • Proportion of child-headed households

  • Proportion of children in the labour force

  • Proportion of children in the labour force and not going to school

  • Proportion of elderly living in a household where no one is economically active

Conducive development environment

  • Ratio of reserves to monthly inputs

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