Chapter 3B
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Targets Activities and Indicators (B)

bulletReduce income poverty 
bulletRural Development and Export Growth 
bulletPrivate sector development 
bulletGood Government 
bulletMacroeconomic Stability 
bulletImprove quality of life and social well-being 
bulletEducation 
bulletHealth 
bulletSocial well-being - political involvement 
bulletReduce vulnerability amongst the poorest groups

 

Education

The overall aim is to have more and better education. This will include eliminating illiteracy by 2010 and achieving gender equality in primary and secondary schools by 2005.

Targets

 

By 2003

Gross primary school enrolment

Up to 85%

Primary School Drop-out rate

From 6.6% to 3%

Net primary school enrolment

From 57% to 70%

Students passing Standard 7exam

From 20% to 50%

Children moving from primary to secondary school

From 15% to 21%

Adult Education Programmes

Expanded

Activities

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School mapping and improvement plans will be made

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The Government will support the basic costs of primary education (especially teacher salaries)

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Primary school fees will be abolished from July 2001

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Schools will be improved – textbooks, materials, furniture, sanitation, classrooms, teacher houses etc

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More appropriate pupil-teacher ratios will be used

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Teachers will be upgraded and reallocated

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The School Inspectorate will be strengthened

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Private and community-based education (including adult education) will be promoted

Indicators

bullet

net enrolment rate for primary education

bullet

net primary school intake rate

bullet

the enrolment rate in grade seven

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passing rate in grade seven

If I can’t afford it, I educate the boy first because after school he can come back and help me. Girls get married after school so they can help.
[Rosina Celestine, mother Ngumeni]

Health

Life expectancy is getting less (due mainly to HIV/AIDS). The goal is to increase it to 52 years by 2010. This will be done through improving nutrition and making health services and safe water more available.

Targets

 

By 2003

Infant Mortality rate

From 99 to 85 per 1000

Under 5 mortality rate

From 158 to 127 per 1000

Maternal mortality

From 529 to 450 per 1000

Malaria related deaths of children under 5

From 12.8 to 10 %

People with access to safe water

From 48.5 to 55%

Immunization of children under 2 against measles, diphtheria, partusis and tetanus

From 71 to 85%

Districts with active HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns

To 75%

Reduce prevalence of stunting

from 43.4 – 20%

Reduce prevalence of wasting

from 7.2 – 2%

Trained personnel present at births

From 50 to 80%

Fully implement the 2000 Water Policy according to plan

 

Activities

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Increase the amount and improve the allocation of government money for basic health care

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Provide quality health care within reachable distances for all people in urban and rural areas

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Ensure more effective support to primary health care services by strengthening the dispensary and hospital services and changing how they work

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Strengthen the programme of Integrated Management of Childhood Illnesses

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Strengthen the national support systems for personnel management, drugs, supplies and medical equipment

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Implement national malaria control programme as planned for 2000/01 to 2002/03

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Promote private sector and civil society involvement in the delivery of health services

HIV/AIDS

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Promote HIV/AIDS and public health awareness – including having students teach each other in schools

Anguish and grief over watching loved ones die because of lack of money for health care is a silent crisis of poverty. 
[Deepa Narayan]

Nutrition

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Promote nutrition education, especially for mothers, and reinforcement of reproductive health and family planning

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Provide school funding programme

Water

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 Increase government spending in rural water supply

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Conduct needs assessments of different social groups in rural areas

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Strengthen the water resource and water quality data bases

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Carry out hydrological and hydrogeological surveys

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Carry out regular water supply quality surveys and apply the World Health Organisation quality standards

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Promote the use of rainwater harvesting

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Rehabilitate all malfunctioning and non-operative water supply schemes and earth moving and drilling equipment

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Enforce water quality laws, regulations, rights and standards in water sources

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Empower local authorities and communities to protect water sources

Indicators

bullet

infant and under five mortality rates

bullet

percentage of children fully immunised by their first birthday

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proportion of districts with active HIV/AIDS awareness campaigns

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proportion of households with access to safe drinking water

Health involves complete bodily, mental and social well-being not only the absence of disease and disability.
[World Health Organisation]

Social well-being – political involvement

Amongst other things social well being involves making political decisions about what matters in your life and about feeling protected by the forces of law and order. There has been a lot of progress in this over the last three years and more is planned.

The Government has become more open about what it is doing and more willing to listen to what ordinary people say.

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Ordinary people can now find out what the Government is doing with its money and go to public meetings to decide what Government policy should be.

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The newspapers, radio and television are keeping ordinary people informed about what is going on.

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There are many civil society organisations to champion particular causes.

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Local authorities will get more power to decide what they think is best for their regions through the Local Government Reform Programme.

When it comes to law and order people need to feel safe to walk the streets, to have ready access to the courts and to know that the Government system is efficient, fair and transparent. Plans are therefore being made for the following activities at the local level.

Targets

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Fully implement this Poverty Reduction Strategy as planned

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Fully implement the Local Government Reform Programme by 2003 in all districts

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Ensure the effective participation of all stakeholders in creating, implementing and monitoring the development plans

Activities

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Promote community-based security systems

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Repair the primary court buildings and other local facilities

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Employ more magistrates so that cases in the primary courts can be settled more quickly

And at the national level:

 

By end of 2003

Ratio of planned to actual Court of Appeal sessions

From 50% to 100%

Court Decisions

Speeded up

Ratio of decided to filed court cases

From 63 to 80%

Average time taken to settle commercial disputes

Reduced to 18 months

There will also be investigations of corruption in the

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Judiciary

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Ministries of Works, Education, Health and Home Affairs and their local offices

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Attorney General’s Office

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Tanzania Revenue Authority

Indicators

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indicators of popular participation
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number of, and attendance at, consultation workshops

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inputs received from civil society

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distribution of government reports

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quarterly reports on progress of reforms to the court system and investigations of corruption

 

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